1048. Sauropatis occipitalis.
Blyth's White-collared Kingfisher.
Todiramphus occipitalis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xv, pp. 23, 51, 369; Ball, J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 31. Todirhamphus collaris, var. Blyth, Cat. p. 48. Halcyon occipitalis, Pelzeln, Novara Beise, Vogel, p. 46; Ball, S. F. i, p. 58; Hume, S. F. ii, p. 171; id. Cat. no. 132 bis; Davison, Ibis, 1885, p. 332; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 19 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xvii, p. 265.
Coloration. Similar to that of S. chloris, but the crown is surrounded by a buff rim formed by the lores, supercilia, and a band round the nape; outside this again is a black band, more or less washed with green, especially behind the eyes, and commencing from the eye, including eyes and ear-coverts, and passing round the nape. The lower parts are buff, especially the flanks, wing-lining, abdomen, and lower tail-coverts. As in S. chloris, some specimens are greener than others. In young birds the feathers of the white collar and breast have dark edges.
Upper mandible, and the tip and edge of the lower dark horny, rest of lower mandible pinkish; legs and feet pinkish (Hume).
Length about 10; tail 2.8; wing 4.25; tarsus .6; bill from gape 1.7.
Distribution. The Nicobar Islands, where this is a common bird. Its nearest ally, H. julice, inhabits the New Hebrides.
Habits, &c Very similar to those of H. chloris, but this bird is said by Davison to be more often found in forest. It lives chiefly on lizards and shell-fish. Davison found three nests on Camorta, all in ants' nests of clay, 12 to 30 inches in diameter and 4 to 20 feet from the ground, against trunks of trees. There was a tunnel 6 inches long and 2 or 2 1/2 in diameter, leading to the bird's nest, a chamber 7 inches across. A single egg, obtained from a female that was shot, measured 1.16 by .98.