228. Timalia pileata intermedia

(228) Timalia pileata intermedia Kinnear.
Timalia pileata jerdoni, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 227.
Timalia pileata intermedia, ibid. vol. viii, p. 602.
This race of Red-capped Babbler is resident and breeds over practically the whole of Burma wherever there are grassy fields, reed-beds etc., from the level of the plains up to about 3,000 feet. It is also found over much of Indo-China and extends into Southern China.
Oates, as quoted by Hume, gives a good description of this bird’s breeding in Pegu :—“ The nest is placed in the fork of a shrub very near to, or quite on, the ground and is surrounded in every case by long grass.
“The nest is made entirely of bamboo-leaves and is lined sparingly with fine grass. No other material enters into its construction. It is oval, about 7 inches in height and 4 inches in diameter, with a large entrance at the side, its lower edge being about the middle of the nest.
“When the bird frequents elephant-grass, where there are no shrubs, it builds on the ground at the edge of a clump of grass, and I have found two nests in such a situation, only a few feet from each other.
“In looking for the nest a great deal of grass is necessarily trodden down ; the consequence is that if you do not find eggs, there is little chance of their being laid later on.”
To this he adds : “This bird would appear to have two broods a year, for I procured two sittings of three eggs each this year in April, former nests having been found in June and July.”
At Kalaw, in the Shan States, Cook found several nests during June and July which in construction etc. were exactly like those taken by Oates. Similar, also, were eggs and nests taken by Mac¬donald at Pakokku, by Hopwood at Saquing and by the latter again in the Chin Hills.
As Oates suggests, they seem to have two broods, the first in April and May, the second in June, July and August, or else, possibly, birds breed indifferently all through these five months.
Three or four eggs seem to be the full complement and they are indistinguishable from those of the preceding bird.
Thirty eggs average 19.1 x 15.0 mm. : maxima 20.2 x 14.9 and 19.9 x 15.9 mm. ; minima 17.6 x 14.2 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
228. Timalia pileata intermedia
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Burmese Red Capped Babbler
Timalia pileata intermedia
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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