457. Tichodroma muraria

(457) Tichodroma muraria Linn.
THE WALL-CREEPER.
Tichodroma muraria, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 441.
This beautiful little bird, which is found over a great extent of mountainous Europe and Asia, breeds throughout the Himalayas at high elevations up to 16,000 feet and down to about 12,000 feet.
The only collector who has actually ever found a nest within Indian limits is Whymper, who noticed that they were breeding in the Nila Valley in Garhwal and “found a nest in a boulder cliff at 12,000 feet, but they were feeding young on June 12th and the young birds left the nest on June 27th, when I secured one of them. The nest was nearly two feet inside, wedged between two boulders, and was a pad of wool and hair and grass.”
Whitehead “on the 12th July came across a newly-fledged family at 15,000 feet on the Safed Koh in the shale screes and shot one specimen.” He adds : “Whymper also informed me in a letter that a friend of his had actually found a Wall-Creeper nesting somewhere on the North-West Frontier, but had been unable to get at the nest.”
In Winter this bird descends right down to the foot-hills of the Himalayas.
The eggs number four to six and are pure, but rather dull, white, with a few specks of black or deep red-brown at the larger end.
In shape they are broad ovals, often decidedly compressed at the smaller end.
Twenty-six eggs average 21.3 x 14.9 mm. : maxima 22.7 x 15.7 and 20.8 x 16.0 mm. ; minima 20.0 x 14.0 mm.
They are early breeders, probably laying in the Himalayas in May, or even the end of April.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
457. Tichodroma muraria
Spp Author: 
Linn.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
457
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
417
Common name: 
Wall Creeper
M_ID: 
26475
M_CN: 
Wallcreeper
M_SN: 
Tichodroma muraria
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
13637

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith