814. Ibis Aethiopica

814. SACRED IBIS.
IBIS AETHIOPICA.
Ibis oethiopica (Lath.), Ind. Orn. ii. p. 706 (1790) ; Shelley, B. of Egypt, p. 261 ; Dresser, ix. p. 285, pl. 694 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi p. 4 ; I. religiosa, Cuv. Regne An. i. p. 483 (1817).
Naadje, Abu-Quadum, Arab. ; Abu-Hannes, Egypt ; Schoorstein-veger, Dutch in S. Africa.
Male ad. (Transvaal). General plumage white except the tips of the primaries and outer secondaries, which are black, glossed with metallic green ; inner secondaries elongated, lax, on the basal portion bluish grey, and on the terminal portion black glossed with purple, forming a plume which covers the tail ; head and neck bare, dull black ; beak and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 7.0, wing 15.4, tail 6.3, tarsus 4.0 inch. Female rather smaller, the plumes duller. The young bird has the head and neck covered with short black and white feathers.
Hab. Africa south to the Cape ; Algeria and Egypt rarely is said to have occurred in the Caucasus ; Southern Persia.
The Sacred Ibis is very cautious and wary and is generally to be seen in small companies. Its food consists of insects of various kinds, frogs, lizards, and snakes. Its call-note is said to be harsh, resembling that of Ardea ibis. It nests on trees, constructing a simple nest of coarse twigs lined with grass and a few feathers, and lays 3 to 4, seldom 5, eggs, which are white with a bluish tinge, sparingly marked with brown, and measure about 2.5 by 1.6.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
814. Ibis Aethiopica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
814
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
584
Common name: 
Sacred Ibis
M_ID: 
2095
M_CN: 
African Sacred Ibis
M_SN: 
Threskiornis aethiopicus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10749

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