Sterna cantiaca

Sterna cantiaca, Gm.

990bis. :- Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 321.

Length, 17.5 to 18; wing, 11.5 to 12.5; tail, 6 to 6.2; bill at front, 2 to 2.4.

Bill black, tipped yellowish-white ; irides brown ; legs and feet black.

Forehead, crown, back of neck, and nape, occipital crest and ear-coverts, glossy black; sides of the face, chin, throat, neck in front and behind, breast and entire lower parts, white, tinged with rosy; mantle and wings pale silvery-grey; the first primary is slightly darker than the rest, with more than half of the inner webs near the shaft white ; the next two or three paler, also the succeeding ones, till they shade away into the color of the wing-coverts; their inner webs greyish-white or white; under wing-coverts white; tail forked, white ; the external feathers on each side slightly greyish on their outer webs ; upper tail-coverts white.

In winter plumage the whole of the head is white or mottled with white and black, and there is a crescentic narrow black spot in front of the eye; mantle and wings as in the summer plumage.

This Tern is common in the Kurrachee Harbour and on the Sind and Mekran Coasts. It breeds in the Persian Gulf.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Sterna cantiaca
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Sandwich Tern
Thalasseus sandvicensis

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