1120. Sterna maxima

1120. ROYAL TERN.
STERNA MAXIMA.
Sterna maxima, Bodd. Tabl. Pl. Enl. p. 58, No. 988 (1783) ; Dresser, ix. p. 383, pl. 716 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 80 ; Ridgway, p. 40 ; S. cayennensis, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 604 (1788) ; Audub. B. Amer. pl. 273 ; S. regia, Gambel. Pr. Phil. Acad, iv. p. 228 (1848).
Male ad. (S. Carolina). Crown and nape black, the nuchal feathers elongated and pointed ; neck, edge of wing from carpus, tail, and under parts white ; mantle pearl-grey, the rump paler grey ; outer webs of primaries dark grey, a broad line near the shaft, and ends of inner webs blackish grey ; bill orange-red ; legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 2.8, wing 14.3, tail 6.2, outer feathers extending 2.0 beyond the middle ones, tarsus 1.35 inch. In winter the forehead and fore crown are white mottled with black, and a small space at the base of the bill dull grey ; bill paler orange.
Hab. America, on the east side from Long Island to Southern Brazil, possibly to Parana, on the west side from California to Peru ; West Coast of Africa from the Straits of Gibraltar to Angola.
In general habits it resembles S. caspia, but is said to swim very rarely. It breeds near the sea, usually in sandy places, laying 2 eggs, which are buffy white or pale yellowish, some¬what sparsely spotted with purplish grey and dark umber, and measure about 2.59 by 1.71.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1120. Sterna maxima
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1120
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
814
Common name: 
Royal Tern
M_ID: 
4585
M_CN: 
Royal Tern
M_SN: 
Thalasseus maximus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10735

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