1186. Diomedea melanophrys

1186. BLACK-BROWED ALBATROSS.
DIOMEDEA MELANOPHRYS.
Diomedea melanophrys, Boie, in Temm. Pl. Col. 456 (1828) ; Gould, B. of Austral, vii. pl. 43 ; Salvin, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 447 ; Saunders, p. 753 ; Ridgway, p. 52.
Ad. Head, neck, entire under parts, rump, and upper tail-coverts white ; a short slaty greyish black band before and behind the eye ; back and scapulars slaty greyish brown, the wings dusky brown ; tail slate-grey, the shafts white ; bill yellowish horn, darker at the tip ; legs and feet yellow. Gape 5.2, wing 20.0, tail 8.0, tarsus 3.05 inch.
Hab. Southern Ocean, straying occasionally to the North Atlantic ; one was obtained in 80° 11' N. lat. and 4° E. long, in June, 1878 ; one near Linton in Cambridgeshire in July, 1897 ; and in 1893 one was shot near Myggenaes in the Faeroes, which for the past thirty to forty years had consorted with the Gannets on that island.
Like its allies it is essentially an oceanic bird, and only frequents the land during the breeding season. It breeds on many islands in the Southern Ocean, in colonies, the nest being a pile of earth and moss about four inches high, and a single egg is usually deposited, though occasionally 2 are found in the same nest. These are dull white, with a well-marked cap of rufous specks and blotches at the larger end, and measure about 4.1 by 2.57.
Diomedea exulans, Linn., is said to have been obtained on the coast of Norway, near Dieppe, Antwerp, and Chaumont ; Thalassogeron culminatus (Gould) is said to have been procured
in Norway ; Tachypetes aquilus is stated to have been obtained on the Weser in 1792 ; Phoeton oethereus, Linn., is said to have been obtained at Cradley, Lancashire, and to have been seen off Heligoland ; a specimen of Prion arid, Gould, in the Gould collection, is stated to have been obtained off Madeira ; and Daption capensis (Linn.) has been procured off the Irish, English, and French coasts ; but as all these records are more or less doubtful, and these species are strictly non-Holaretic, I have not deemed it necessary to include them.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1186. Diomedea melanophrys
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1186
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
860
Common name: 
Black Browed Albatross
M_ID: 
1718
M_CN: 
Black-browed Albatross
M_SN: 
Thalassarche melanophris
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10034

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