Genus TERPSIPHONE

In Terpsiphone the typical characteristics of the Flycatchers are developed to a greater extent than in any other genus.

The bill is extremely large, depressed, and swollen, and the rictal bristles are very numerous, coarse, and long. The head is crested, and the tail is greatly developed in the mature males.

In Terpsiphone the sexes are alike, or closely so, during the first two years, and the prevailing colour of the plumage is chestnut. The female never drops her chestnut garb, but the male after the second autumn, or even later, assumes a white plumage. It thus happens that a pair may be found breeding both being in the chestnut plumage, or a female in chestnut plumage may be found mated with a white male.

The Paradise Flycatchers are found over the whole Empire, both on the Himalayas and in the plains and lesser hill-ranges, and are resident in many portions of the country, but in others they appear to be seasonal visitors, or in great measure so, but their movements are probably of no great extent.

The members of this genus are typical Flycatchers, catching insects on the wing, never descending to the ground, and of solitary habits. Their notes are very harsh.

Key to the Species.

a. Crest long and pointed, reaching to upper part of back.
a1. Throat and sides of head ashy………………….T. paradisi: at all ages and before second autumn, p. 45.
b1. Throat and sides of head glossy black………………….T. paradisi; after second autumn moult, p. 45.
b. Crest short and rounded, not reaching beyond nape.
c1. Back deep chestnut; throat and sides of head bluish ashy………………….T. affinis ; at all ages, while in chestnut plumage, p. 47.
d1. Back ashy rufous.
a2. Throat and sides of head dark ashy………………….T. nicobarica; at all ages, .p.48.
b2. Throat and sides of head black………………….T. nicobarica: While in chestnut plumage, p.48.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
Genus TERPSIPHONE
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
44
M_ID: 
19899
M_SN: 
Terpsiphone
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
816

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