690(a). Tchitrea paradisi ceylonensis

(690 a) Tchitrea paradisi ceylonensis (Sarud. & Harm.).
Terpsiphone paradisi paradisi, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 264 (part.).
When I wrote the ‘Fauna’ I did not admit the Ceylon race to the status of a geographical subspecies. Further examination, however, confirms what I then said in regard to the deep rich coloration of the females and young, which I now consider should be recognized. The race is confined to Ceylon and to the extreme South of Travancore, whence I have a clutch of eggs taken by Stewart.
There is nothing one can say about their breeding which has not been said already about one or other of the subspecies already dealt with.
Wait writes (‘Birds of Ceylon,’ p. 65, 1932):—“A fairly familiar bird, which is generally found in forest or in shady spots not far from water. It is by no means averse to the neighbourhood of man, and may often be seen in village gardens. The breeding season is chiefly April and May, but may occasionally extend as late as August.”
He also notes :—“It is not very common above 2,000 ft., but is occasionally seen at quite high elevations, and such visits are apparently increasing. About March most birds appear to con-centrate in the drier forest tracts.”
In Ceylon the maximum number of eggs laid is three and often two only. They are just like those of the other races, but I have seen too few to be able to generalize. An extraordinary clutch of three very big, very washed-out eggs was taken by Stewart in the extreme South of Travancore on the 14th March. One of these is pale pink, faintly stippled at the larger end with darker pink ; the two other eggs are chalky white, with small, very faint blotches of grey.
Ten eggs average 20.2 x 15.3 mm. : maxima 21.5 x 16.3 mm. ; minima 19.0 x 15.0 and 19.8 x 14.8 mm.
As Ceylon birds are rather small, a larger series will certainly show smaller measurements.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
690(a). Tchitrea paradisi ceylonensis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Ceylon Paradise Flycatcher
Terpsiphone paradisi ceylonensis
Vol. 2

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