486. Tephrodornis pelvicus.
The Nepal Wood-Shrike.
Tentheca pelvica, Hodgs. Ind. Rev. i, p. 447 (1837). Tephrodornis pelvica (Hodgs.), Blyth, Cat. p. 153; Horsf. M. Cat. i, p. 171; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 409; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 156; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 92 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 276; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 205 ; Hume, Cat. no. 263 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 256 ; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 93 ; Oates, in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 330.
Ramnun-pho, Rabnun-pho, Lepch.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, and nape ashy grey ; back, scapulars, and lesser wing-coverts ashy brown; rump ashy brown, tipped with white and obscurely barred with brown; the shorter upper tail-coverts white, the longer ones ashy brown ; tail ashy brown with a rufous tinge, all the feathers narrowly tipped with whitish; the shafts reddish brown; greater wing-coverts ashy brown, edged brighter; quills ashy brown with rufous shafts, all edged and tipped brighter; nasal plumes, lores, ear-coverts, and feathers under the eye black; under this black a broad white streak ; lower plumage cinereous, tinged with buff on the breast and becoming albescent on the abdomen ; vent and under tail-coverts pure white.
Female. The forehead, crown, and nape of the same colour as the back; band through the eye pale brown; otherwise not differing from the male.
The young resemble the adult female, but have the margins of all the feathers of the upper plumage whitish, forming cross bars.
In the male the bill is black; eyelids dark plumbeous ; iris yellowish brown ; legs plumbeous brown ; claws dark horn-colour. In the female the bill is brown; the gape and the base of both mandibles flesh-coloured.
Length 8.5; tail 3.5 ; wing 4.5 ; tarsus .85 ; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Nepal to Assam up to about 4000 feet; the whole of the hill-tracts of Assam ranging south throughout the whole of Burma and Karennee.
This species probably extends down the Malay peninsula for some distance, but the point where it meets the allied T. gularis is not known. It is found in Siam and China.
T. gularis differs from T. pelvicus, so far as the adult males are concerned, in having the crown and back of the same deep bluish ashy and the tail nearly black. The former runs very close to T. sylvicola.
Habits, &c. A nest of this species found in Sikhim at 3000 feet was a massive cup made of tendrils of creepers and stems of plants and decorated with the flower-stems of grasses. It was obtained in April and contained four eggs, white marked with yellowish brown and measuring about .93 by .73.
* Blyth gives Hemipus obscurus, Horsf., from Mergui (Birds Burm. p. 122). He gives no authority for the occurrence of this species in Tenasserim, and probably accepted the statement on insufficient grounds. This Pied Shrike, so far as is known, occurs no further north than Malacca, and it is unlikely to occur in Tenasserim, where Davison failed to meet with it. I shall therefore not include it in this work, but I give a short description of the bird in order that it may be identified if met with.