487. Tephrodornis sylvicola.
The Malabar Wood-Shrike.
Tephrodornis sylvicola, Jerdon, Madr. Journ. L. S. x, p. 236 (1839); Blyth, Cat. p. 153; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 409; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 277; Hume, Cat. no. 264; Davison, S. F. x, p. 365; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 147; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 331.
Bhari latora, Hind.
Coloration. Male. Nasal plumes, lores, and a broad band round the eye to the ear-coverts black; forehead, crown, nape, hind neck, and back bluish ashy; rump, scapulars, and lesser wing-coverts brown tinged with ashy; a baud of white on the lower rump; upper tail-coverts dark •brown; wings, tail, median and greater wing-coverts brown; lower plumage pale vinaceous, turning to pure white on the lower abdomen, flanks, and under tail-coverts.
Female. Differs from the male in having hardly any tinge of ashy on the upper plumage and in having the eye-band brown.
Bill and claws black; legs and feet dark plumbeous; iris oil- or greenish yellow (Davison).
Length about 8.5; tail 3.3; wing 4.4; tarsus .75; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. The western coast of India from Belgaum to Travancore. This species ascends the Nilgiris and other hill-ranges up to about 5500 feet.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Mysore in April. A nest found in that state was composed of roots and fibres woven into a shallow cup and covered with cobwebs and lichens, and was placed in a tree. The eggs, two in number, were white marked with blackish brown and inky-purple and measured .98 by .73.