654. Ianthia rufilata

654. Ianthia rufilata.

The Red-flanked Bush-Robin.

Nemura rufilatus, Hodgs. P. Z. S. 1845, p. 27 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 299; Hume, N. & E. p. 324; id. S. F. xi, p. 198. Ianthia rufilata (Hodgs.), Blyth, Cat. p. 170 ; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 52; Brooks, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 77; id. S. F. iii, p. 240 ; Oates in Hume's N. E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 68. Ianthia cyanura (Pall.), apud Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 146 ; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 44. Nemura cyanura (Pall.), apud Hume, Cat, no. 508 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 304; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 64. Tarsiger rufilatus (Hodgs.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv, p. 256; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 446.

The White-breasted Blue Wood-Chat, Jerd. ; Mangzhil-pho, Lepch,

Coloration. Male. Forehead and a broad eyebrow, rump, upper tail-coverts, and the median wing-coverts bright ultramarine-blue ; ear-coverts, lores, and round the eye black; upper plumage, edges of wing-coverts and quills, sides of the head, throat, and neck extending down to the sides of the breast deep purplish blue ; tail black, the outer webs suffused with deep blue ; chin, throat, middle of breast, and remaining lower plumage white, sullied with ashy brown on the breast; a very large and conspicuous patch of orange-chestnut on each side of the body ; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.

Males from Sikhim are very bright; those from other parts have the upper plumage a greenish blue.

Female. Upper plumage olive-brown, the coverts and wings edged with rufous; rump greenish blue ; upper tail-coverts deep blue; tail dark brown, the outer webs suffused with deep blue ; chin and throat narrowly white ; sides of the head and neck and the whole breast ochraceous ; a large patch of orange-chestnut on each side of the body; remainder of the sides ochraceous; middle of abdomen and under tail-coverts white; under wing-coverts and axillaries pale yellowish buff.

Some females have a well-marked bluish-grey supercilium, and others are without it.

The young resemble the female, and have the orange patch on each side of the body and also a blue tail and rump, but the upper plumage is everywhere streaked with fulvous as well as the sides of the head and the throat.

Bill black; legs and feet deep brown ; iris brown (Hume).

Length nearly 6 ; tail 2.6; wing 3.3; tarsus 1.05; bill from gape .6.

I. cyanura is an allied species from Northern Asia.

Distribution. The Himalayas from Gilgit and Kashmir generally to Sikhim ; the Khasi hills ; Tipperah ; Manipur. This species is found up to 11,000 feet in the Himalayas in summer, and descends to lower levels in winter.

Habits, &c. Breeds in May and June, constructing a nest of moss and grass in holes in banks and under tree-roots, and laying four eggs, which are white with a green tinge, spotted sparingly round the larger end with minute specks of reddish brown, and measuring about .71 by .56.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
654. Ianthia rufilata
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Flanked Bush Robin
Red-flanked Bluetail
Tarsiger cyanurus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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