547. Tarsiger chrysseus whistleri

(547) Tarsiger chrysaeus whistleri Ticehurst.
THE SIMLA GOLDEN BUSH-ROBIN.
Tarsiger chrysoeus whistleri, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 97.
The Western form of Golden Bush-Robin is found in Summer, from about 6,000 feet upwards, in the Himalayas from the North¬-West Frontier to Simla and Garhwal.
Osmaston remarks (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xi, p. 66, 1911) that in the Tons Valley “this pretty little bird is fairly common, but only at high elevations of from 10,000 to 12,000 feet in the birch and rhododendron scrub, where it breeds. It is very shy and difficult to observe and keeps principally to the dense patches of rhododendron. I found one nest only at about 12,000 feet on June 3rd, placed in a hole in the ground at the root of a small bush in the open, but close to a patch of rhododendron bushes. It contained three hard-set eggs of a uniform pale blue colour. This bird does not descend below 8,000 feet in these parts except in Winter.”
The following year, 1897, Osmaston took a second nest with two eggs at 10,500 feet on the 10th June, the nest being similar but concealed in herbage among Birch and Rhododendron bushes. A third nest found by Whymper near Kalhar, in the same hills, was placed in a hole in a bank, well concealed by grass and bushes ; this was at about 10,000 feet.
Rattray found it rare round Murree but took one nest at Changla Gali on the 29th June, 1903, and Buchanan found a second on the 22nd June, 1909, in the same Gali. The first nest was said to have been “in a hole in a bank, rather large, made of dead leaves and moss, lined with fine grasses. The hole was under a large stone.” The second nest was “a cup of deal leaves, a little grass and roots, lined with the latter and placed under a stone in forest on the banks of a ravine.”
June seems to be the principal breeding month and all eggs so far recorded were taken during that month. The eggs are, as one would expect, exactly like those of the preceding race, but one pair taken at Murree are rather darker blue than any others I have seen.
Twelve eggs average 20.5 x 14.6 mm. : maxima 21.5 x 16.0 and 21.0 x 16.3 mm. ; minima 19.2 x 14.1 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
547. Tarsiger chrysseus whistleri
Spp Author: 
Ticehurst.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
547
Year: 
1933
Page No: 
84
Common name: 
Simla Golden Bush Robin
M_ID: 
28190
M_SN: 
Tarsiger chrysaeus whistleri
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
13721

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