1907. Syrmaticus humise humise

(1907) Syrmaticus humiae humiae (Hume).
THE MANIPUR BARBED-BACK, or MES. HUME’S, PHEASANT.
Syrmaticus humiae humiae, Fauna B. I.,Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 303.
The range of this beautiful Pheasant is Manipur, whence it was described, Patkoi Naga Hills, Lushai Hills and Northern Burmese hills, West of the Irrawaddy, South to Haka in the Chin Hills, where it occurs at all elevations between 4,000 and 10,000 feet. They frequent and breed in thin forest or forest mixed with open spaces of grass and bracken. They also frequent, but have not been recorded as breeding in, open grass-land. Wherever found, however, the country is broken and rugged, and the birds seem to prefer, especially for nesting purposes, steep and rocky hillsides, broken by ravines and outcrops of rock.
They have been found feeding from 6,000 feet upwards, but very little is known about their nidification, although a large number of nests have been obtained through native collectors.
Mackenzie, Hopwood, Wickham and Blandy (Journ, Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xxi, p. 288, 1920) all had clutches of eggs brought to them by Chins, and in some instances examined the places where they had been laid. Mackenzie writes (ibid, vol. xxv, p, 91,1917):— “Eggs with a skin. The eggs are of the ordinary Phasianus type ; three clutches were obtained, all from about 6,500 feet. The bird seems to breed near the top of the main ridge. 8 eggs obtained on the 1st May, 1914, hard-set ; 7 eggs on 1st May, 1914, hard-set ; 10 eggs on 1st May, 1915, hard-set. Average size of 15 eggs 1.85" x 1.37" ; length from 1.99" to 1.78” ; and breadth 1.31” to 1.40".”
Odd eggs were again taken by Mackenzie and Hopwood on 20. 5. 18 and sent to me.
Finally, Livesey personally took three fresh eggs, at Vanna, near Haka, on the 27th May, 1930.
All those who have seen the sites say that the eggs were laid on the ground either just on the top of the fallen leaves and debris, or in a hollow scratched out by the birds and full of the same leaves etc. The nests, if one may call them so, were in most cases very exposed, although not conspicuous, as the eggs matched the fallen leaves, but one or two were apparently well hidden. Those found by Blandy “were found at the foot of a tree on a dwarf-oak-covered spur and the nest was hidden in a small bush (about 1 foot high) of undergrowth. The nest was a simple excavation in the ground lined with oak-leaves.”
They appear generally to lay their eggs on the top of ridges and spurs, just below the crest on the leeward side.
All the eggs obtained so far have been found in April and May, and the clutches have numbered six to ten and, as these were all hard-set, they must be accepted as full clutches.
The eggs are not in the least like the eggs of Phasianus colchicus and its relations but are like small Gennaeus eggs. In shape they are broad blunt ovals, the texture fine and smooth, not pitted, but satiny to the touch. In colour they are a pale dull creamy buff, very rarely with a pinkish tinge.
Forty-three eggs (these include all Mackenzie’s and Hopwood’s measurements of unblown eggs) average 48.7 x 35.3 mm. : maxima 51.5 x 36.3 and 46.2 x 37.8 mm. ; minima 46.0 x 33.7 and 48.5 x 33.2 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1907. Syrmaticus humise humise
Spp Author: 
Hume.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1907
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
202
Common name: 
Manipuk Barred Back Or Mrs Humes Pheasant
M_ID: 
1572
M_SN: 
Syrmaticus humiae humiae
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15095

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith