Genus SYPHEOTIS

This is an Indian genus of small or moderately-sized Bustards without a ruff, and with longer bill and legs than in the other genera found in India. The chief generic character, however, is that the male in the breeding-season assumes a peculiar plumage, with the head, neck, and lower surface black, and the wings partly white. In this stage there is a considerable difference between the males—S. bengalensis being crested, with long feathers in front of the neck, whilst S. aurita has a tuft of peculiar elongate plumes from each side of the head—and consequently the two have been placed by Sharpe in different genera. With the exception, however, of the male ornamental plumes, the two species, which inhabit different parts of India, agree very well. An African genus (Lissotis) is very similar in Coloration.

Females are larger than males. The primary-quills are notched on the inner web and attenuate towards the end, much more so in S. aurita than in S. bengalensis.

Key to the Species.

a, Wing 7.3 to 9.75; tarsus 3.5 to 4.5 inches………………….S. aurita, p. 198.
b. Wing 13.5 to 14.75; tarsus 5.0 to 6.5 inches……………….S. bengalensis, p. 200.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Genus SYPHEOTIS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
198
M_ID: 
3307
M_SN: 
Sypheotides
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
2027

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