(850) Sylvia curruca minula.
The Small Whitethroat.
Sylvia minula Hume, Str Feath,, i, p. 19S (1873) (Bhawalpur). Sylvia minuscula. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 398.
Vernacular names. Tint-kornu; Tuntu (Yarkand).
Description. Similar to the two preceding birds but with upper plumage rather dark sandy-brown, contrasting with the greyer head.
Colours of soft parts. Iris very pale yellow; bill horny above, paler at the base and on the lower mandible; legs and feet " horny, greenish grey " (Hume).
Measurements. Total length about 135 mm.; wing 60 to 64 mm.; tail 46 to 90 mm.; tarsus about 20 mm.; culmen 9 to 10 mm. Second primary between, or equal to, 7th and 8th.
Distribution. Breeding in Sirdarya and Amudarya in Trans-caspia; Bochara, East Turkestan, Afghanistan and Baluchistan. In Winter South through Western India to Rajputana and East to Jodhpore.
Nidification. As far as is known, exactly like that of the preceding bird. Three eggs in my collection measure about 17.2 x 12.2 mm.
Habits. This appears to be the Asiatic representative of S. curruca curruca in the barren and semi-desert countries, as S. c. affinis is in the better-wooded ones. In Sind it is as common as that race is in Winter, but, whereas S. c. affinis keeps principally to the tracts with ample tree-cover, S. c. minula keeps to the more desert portions with only scanty scrub and bush cover.