402. Sylvia affinis.
The Indian Lesser White-throated Warbler.
Curruca affinis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 564 note (1845) ; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 272. Sylvia affinis (Blyth), Blyth, Cat. p. 187; Hume, S. F. i, p. 197, ii, p. 332; Butler S. F. iii, p. 487 ; Hume, S. F. vii, pp. 59, 60; id. Cat. no. 582; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 538; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 19; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 232 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i. p. 257. Sylvia curruca (Gm.), apud Horsf. M. Cat. i, p. 344 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 209. Sterparola curruca (Lath.), Hume, N. & E. p. 373.
The Lesser White-throat, Jerd.; Chinna nulla Kumpa jitta, Tel.
Coloration. Upper plumage earth-brown ; forehead, crown, and nape brownish grey; otherwise as in S. althaea.
Iris yellowish brown; legs and feet plumbeous; bill dusky, slaty-horn at base of lower mandible (Butler).
Length about 6 ; tail 2.2; wing 2.45 to 2.65; tarsus .75; bill from gape .55. Erst primary about .55; the second primary is about equal to the sixth.
The European ally of this species differs persistently in having the second primary much shorter than the sixth. It has not been found in India.
Distribution. A winter visitor to nearly the whole of the plains of India. Judging from the specimens I have examined its range extends to the east as far as Mudhupur on the E.I. Railway, and to the south as far as Coimbatore. 1 have not seen Ceylon speci¬mens, but it is said to occur in that island. Some birds spend the summer and breed in Kashmir, but the majority apparently pass on to Siberia.
Habits, &c. Brooks found this bird breeding in Kashmir at from 5500 to 6500 feet, amongst small bushes in May by the side of rivers. The nest was cup-shaped and made of grasses, roots, and fine fibres, and lined with horsehair. The eggs, four or five in number, are white with a greenish tinge, marked with yellowish brown, and measure .66 by .5.