117. Sylvia conspicillata

117. SPECTACLED WARBLER.
SYLVIA CONSPICILLATA.
Sylvia conspicillata Marm. fide Temm. Man. d’Orn. i. p. 210 (1820) ; Temm. Pt. Col. 6, fig. 1 ; Dresser, ii. p. 393, pl. 60 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 22 ; S. passerina, (Gmel.) fide Temm. Man. d'Orn., i. p. 213.
Babillard a lunettes, French ; Friolencos, Span. ; Sterpazzola-sarda, Ital.
Male ad. (Sicily). Crown and sides of head to below the eye slate-grey ; lores and a narrow frontal line blackish ; back brownish ash washed with grey on the rump and upper tail-coverts ; tail dark brown ; the outer feather white with a brown shaft, the next two tipped with white ; wing feathers margined with rufous ; chin, sides of throat, and centre of abdomen white, throat otherwise ashy blue ; lower breast flanks and under tail-coverts rosy rufous ; bill dark horn, yellowish at the base ; legs yellowish brown ; iris brown, edge of eyelids red. Culmen 0.4, wing 2.25, tail 2.1, tarsus 0.7 inch. The female is duller and paler, crown pale ash, the feathers with brown tips ; sides of head and lores darker and greyer ; under parts white, the breast and flanks washed with rosy rufous. The young resemble the female but are browner and have no grey on the head ; wings and tail with broad rufous margins ; throat white; rest of under parts pale rufous buff, becoming nearly white on the abdomen.
Hab. The Mediterranean area as far east as Palestine and west to the Canaries and Cape Verd Islands. In the southern portion of its range it is a resident, hut in south Europe it migrates further south in the autumn.
It frequents dry localities where there is low scrub, and is shy and secretive, but otherwise resembles the Whitethroat in its habits. Its song is short and pleasing and is uttered from the top of a bush or when the bird is hovering in the air. Its nest, which is loosely but neatly constructed of grass-bents and lined with horsehair, is placed low down in a bush. The eggs, 4 or 5 in number, are pale greenish grey, minutely freckled with greenish brown, and are usually deposited in April or May. In size they average about 0.64 by 0.49.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
117. Sylvia conspicillata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
117
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
80
Common name: 
Spectacled Warbler
M_ID: 
25177
M_CN: 
Spectacled Warbler
M_SN: 
Sylvia conspicillata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10848

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