54. Suthora humii.
The Black-fronted Crow-Tit.
Suthora nipalensis, Hodgs, apud Blyth, Cat. p. 102; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 8 ; Hume, Cat. no. 378. Suthora poliotis, Blyth, apud Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 379. Suthora humii, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 487 (1883).
The Black-fronted Tit-Thrush, Jerd.; Suthora, Nepal.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, ear-coverts, back, wing-coverts, and rump orange-brown; upper tail-coverts orange-red; tail orange-rufous, broadly terminated with black; primary-coverts black ; quills bright orange-red at base, the earlier primaries white externally, the others black with some white near the tips ; secondaries margined with orange on the outer webs and tipped white ; a broad supercilium from the bill to the nape black; lores, cheeks, above and below the eye and a small indistinct eyebrow white; sides of the neck slaty-blue ; chin and upper throat black margined with white ; lower throat, breast, and centre of abdomen white ; sides of body, vent, and under tail-coverts orange-fulvous.
Length about 4.5; tail 2.4; wing 1.9 ; tarsus .65; bill from gape .3.
This is the bird described by Jerdon under the name of S. nipalensis, Hodgs., " with ear-coverts fulvous." It is, however, a very different bird to true S. nepalensis described below. The present species was known to Hodgson and was figured by him from Darjiling specimens. He appears, however, to have regarded it as identical with S. poliotis, a species described by Blyth a short time previously from Cherra Poonjee, and he consequently published no description of it, merely writing under the drawing Temnoris v. Suthora pictifrons. As this name was never published, Sharpe has very properly renamed the bird in his ' Catalogue.'
Distribution. Sikhim, where this species appears to be common at and above Darjiling.