532. Sturnus menzbieri.
The Common Indian Starling.
Sturnus vulgaris, Linn., apud. Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 321; Hume, S. F. i, p. 206 ; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 221 ; Hume, Cat. no. 681 ; id. S. F. viii, p. 175 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 329; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 253; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 200. Sturnus humii, Gould, B. Asia, v, pi. 43 (nec descr.). Sturnus menzbieri, Sharpe, Ibis, 1888, p. 438; id. Cat. B. M. xiii. p. 33, pl. i.
The Common Starling, Jerd.; Telia-maina, Hind.; Tilora, at Ghazipur; Nakshi-telia, at Agra; Tilgiri, Kashm.
Coloration. Resembles S. humii. Under wing-coverts brown, broadly edged with buff.
Gloss. Head, neck, and throat purplish red; upper plumage and wings bronze-green ; lower plumage greenish blue.
Bill blackish horn in winter, lower mandible narrowly edged white ; legs and feet dark hazel; iris deep brown (Butler).
Length about 9; tail 2.6; wing 5; tarsus 1.15 ; bill from gape 1.3.
Distribution. A winter visitor to the Himalayas as far east as Dibrugarh in Assam, and to the plains of India as far south as the atitude of Baroda. In the British Museum there is, however, a specimen procured by Burgess in the Deccan, and another from the Tweeddale collection marked Madras.
Hume states that this species breeds in Kashmir. Scully on the other hand informs us that it passes through Gilgit at the spring and autumn migration, and that a few remain daring the winter in that place. He does not appear to have noticed it in summer. This Starling retires in summer to Siberia and portions of Central Asia.