(974) Sturnus vulgaris porphyronotus.
The Central Asian Starling.
Sturnus porphyronotus Sharpe, Ibis, 1888? p. 438 (Yarkand) : Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 521.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Gloss. Head, throat and neck deep bronze-green;, upper plumage and scapulars all purple-red; breast violet-purple ; abdomen bronze-copper.
This race seems to be generally and profusely spotted on the head and the spots on the upper plumage are almost white.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown ; bill brown in Winter, yellow in Summer; legs and feet red-brown.
Measurements. Wing 124 to 132 mm.
Distribution. Breeding from Ferghana and Yarkand in Turkestan to the Tian Schan; in Winter, South Afghanistan, Baluchistan and N.W. India. Ticehurst records two specimens from Sind,
Nidification. Breeds on the Tian Schan from April to June, making a nest similar to that of the Common Starling but more often placing it in boles in tree-trunks. The few eggs I have seen (24) average 31.2 x 21.1 mm.: maxima 32.7 X 21.5 and 31.8 x 21.6 mm.; minima 28.0 x 20.7 and 31.0 x 20.6 mm.
Habits similar to those of the other Starlings.