530. Sturnus porphyronotus.
The Central-Asian Starling.
Sturnus purpurascens, Gould, apud Hume, S. F. viii, p. 174; Brooks, S. F. viii, p. 488; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 79; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 573. Sturnus vulgaris, Linn., apud Sadly, S. F. iv, p. 162. Sturnus porphyronotus, Sharpe, Ibis, 1888, p. 438; id. Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 38, pl. 2.
Coloration. Resembles S. humii. Gloss. Head, throat, and fore neck bronzy green ; whole upper plumage and scapulars rich purple or purplish red ; wings coppery bronze ; breast reddish violet; abdomen coppery bronze.
Legs and feet dark reddish brown ; bill blackish brown in winter; iris dark brown (Hume); bill in summer yellow, dusky at tip (Scully).
Length about 9; tail 2.8; wing 5.2; tarsus 1.2 ; bill from gape 1.3.
Distribution. A winter visitor to India. In the British Museum there are specimens of this Starling from Kashmir, various parts of the Punjab, Dehra, Saharanpur, Aligarh, and Etawah.
This species summers in Turkestan, and is also found in Afghanistan, but probably only in winter.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Turkestan in May and June. According to Scully the eggs measure 1.19 by .83.