536. Sturnia sinensis

536. Sturnia sinensis.

The Chinese Myna.

Oriolus sinensis, Gm. Syst. Nat. i, p. 394 (1788). Pastor elegans, Lesson, Voy. Belanqer, p. 266, pl. 6 (1834). Sturnia cana, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiii, p. 365 (1844) ; id. Cat. p. 110. Sturnia sinensis (Gm.), Hume, S. F. vii, p. 514; id. Cat. no. 688 ter; id. S. F. ix, p. 118; Oates, S. F. x, p. 229; id. B. B. i, p. 384; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 267; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 68.

Coloration. The forehead, crown, lores, round the eye, the chin, rump, and upper tail-coverts rosy ferruginous ; the nape and the whole back deep grey ; sides of neck, throat, breast, and abdomen grey, lighter than the back ; flanks, under tail-coverts, axillaries, and under wing-coverts rosy ferruginous ; ear-coverts grey tinged with ferruginous; wings, primary-coverts, and winglet black, the tertiaries suffused with metallic blue, the other feathers edged with the same ; wing-coverts and scapulars white, suffused with rosy ferruginous; tail black, the middle pair of feathers narrowly, the others broadly, tipped with ferruginous.

Some time after the moult the beautiful rose-colour fades to white, or is present in only a very slight degree.

Bill blue ; the mouth darker blue ; iris white ; legs plumbeous ; claws horn-colour.

Length 8 ; tail 2.6 ; wing 4; tarsus 11. ; bill from gape 1.05.

Distribution. I procured this species in Lower Pegu in the winter season on several occasions. Hume observed it in Manipur on one occasion, but failed to secure a specimen. It occurs at Singapore and in Cochin China and breeds in Southern China.

Habits, &c. Pere David states that this species breeds in holes on the roofs of houses. The few specimens I procured in Pegu were feeding on the ground in company with others.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
536. Sturnia sinensis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Chinese Myna
White-shouldered Starling
Sturnia sinensis
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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