539. Sturnia nemoricola.
The White-winged Myna.
Sturnia nemoricola, Jerd. Ibis, 1862, p. 22 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 390; Ootes, S. F. vii, p. 48; Hume, Cat. no. 088 bis; Oates, B. B. i, p. 389; id, in Humes N. & E. 2nd ed. i. p. 373.
Temenuchus nemoricolus (Jerd.), Hume, S. F. iii, p. 151. Poliopsar nemoricolus (Jerd.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 52.
Coloration. Very similar to S. malabarica in general appearance, but after the moult, when the plumage is fresh, the forehead and the crown as far back as the eyes, the chin, throat, and breast are a clear pearly grey; the remainder of the lower plumage a beautiful rosy buff. In adults the winglet, primary-coverts, and the first or bastard-primary are white.
When the plumage gets worn, the feathers of the head and neck become reduced in many cases to mere shafts, and the beautiful rosy tinge of the lower parts gives place to a dull dirty buff. Notwithstanding the similarity which then exists between S. nemoricola and S. malabarica, the former may always be recognized by the presence of some white on the wing.
Birds which are not adult have only parts of the winglet and primary-coverts white; but, from the very first, one or more white feathers are present on these parts, and these, coupled with the white bastard-primary, will suffice to indicate the species.
The dimensions and colours of the bill &c. are the same as in S. malabarica.
Distribution. Pegu and Tenasserim down to about the latitude of Muleyit mountain.
Habits, &c. Breeds at the same time as S. malabarica and lays similar eggs.