680. URAL OWL.
Strix uralensis, Pall. Reis. Russ. Reichs, i. p. 445 (1771) ; Naum. i. p. 422, Taf. 42, fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. i. pl. 44 ; (Dresser), v. p. 277, pl. 307 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 138 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. i¬p. 255 ; S. liturata, Tengmalm., Vet. Ak. Handl. 1793, p. 264 ; S. fuscescens, Temm, and Schlegel. Faun. Jap. Aves. pl. 10 (1850) ; (Sharpe), tom. cit. p. 256.
Ural-Habichts-Eule, German ; Slag-ugle, Norweg, ; Slaguggla, Swed. ; Viirupollo, Finn. ; Bolschaya-saraya-Sova, Russ. ; Fuhuro Jap.
Female ad. (Archangel). Upper parts greyish white, closely striped with dark brown ; wings and tail dark brown barred and tipped with ashy grey tinged with brown ; facial disks greyish white, the feathers with blackish shafts ; forehead and space between the disks deep brown ; ruff white mottled with dark brown ; under parts white broadly streaked with dark brown ; feet and legs densely feathered ; bill deep yellowish ; iris blackish brown. Culmen 1.8, wing 14.0, tail 11.10, tarsus 2.4 inch ; tail rounded, the outer feathers about 1.5 inch shorter than the middle ones. The male does not differ except that it is rather purer in colour, and smaller in size.
Hab. Northern and N. Central Europe from Styria to Lap¬land, where it is only a rare straggler ; Siberia, east to Man¬churia., Corea, and Japan ; not found in Great Britain.
In general habits it resembles S. stridula, and like that bird frequents woods and groves, and feeds on small mammals, birds, and occasionally on large insects. Like S. stridula it breeds in hollow trees, or takes possession of a deserted nest, and in March or April deposits 2 to 4 roundish pure white eggs which measure about 1.01 by 1.65.
680. Strix uralensis
680. URAL OWL.