Genus TURTUR

Head small; bill slender, the horny apex of the upper mandible much shorter than the soft basal portion. Wing long, pointed, 2nd or 3rd quill longest. Tail rather long, but not exceeding the wing in length, rounded or somewhat graduated. Tarsus longer than middle toe; foot formed for walking, soles of toes narrow. Sexes similar.

The true Doves are represented by seven species in British India, and some of these are amongst the commonest and best-known birds of the country. They have the flight of Pigeons, but are less gregarious, and they feed on the ground almost entirely on grain and other seeds. As a rule they are chiefly found in open and cultivated country. They breed on low trees and bushes and make a slight nest of the usual type, consisting of thin twigs or grass, arranged in a kind of platform, so loose and disconnected that the eggs can generally be seen from below. The eggs are always two in number, white and glossy.

This genus contains nearly 30 species spread over Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Key to the Species.

a. A patch of black feathers with white or grey tips on each side of the neck.
a1. Tips to black neck-patch grey.
a2. No white on abdomen; tinder tail-coverts and tips of tail-feathers slaty grey………………………..T. orientalis, p. 40.
b2. Middle of abdomen, under tail-coverts, and tips of tail-feathers white or whitish………………………..T. ferrago, p. 41.
b1. Tips to black neck-patch white………………………..T. communis, p. 42.
b. A collar of black feathers, each ending in two white spots, round back of neck.
c1. Back distinctly spotted with rufous………………………..T. suratensis, p. 43.
d1. Back indistinctly or not spotted………………………..T. tigrinus, p. 44.
A collar of bind; feathers with ferruginous tips round front of neck………………………..T. cambayensis, p. 45.
A black collar without white tips round back of neck………………………..T. risorius, p. 40.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Genus TURTUR
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
39
M_ID: 
4963
M_SN: 
Streptopelia
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
1844

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