(1882) Oenopopelia tranquebarica humilis.
THE BURMESE RED TURTLE-DOVE.
Columba humilis Temm., Pl. Col., 259 (nec plate 258) (1824) (Bengal-Luzon). Oenopopelia tranquebarica* Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 47 (part.).
Vernacular names. Gyo-ni-ba (Burm.); Daotu-kashiba-gajao (Cachari); Lali Pohu, Harua kopu (Assam); Nok-kao-fie (Siam).
Description. Differs from the preceding bird in its much darker, more richly-coloured plumage; the vinous-red on the under plumage is much darker and the vent and thighs are grey; the axillaries, flanks and under wing-coverts are darker grey and the first never white.
Colours of soft parts as in the preceding bird.
Measurements. Wing 137 to 148 mm.
Female and young differ like the male in being darker and more richly coloured.
Distribution. Assam, South of the Brahmapootra, Burma, the Indo-Chinese countries to China; Andamans. Robinson and Kloss give Pakchan in Peninsular Siam as the most Southern point for this Dove.
Nidification. Similarly to that of the typical form. In Assam it breeds in May and June, though eggs may be taken in any month ; in Burma it breeds all the year round also but generally March to May, whilst in the Andamans it lays from February to April. Forty eggs average 26.4 x 20.4 mm.: maxima 29.5 x 20.8 and 27.4 x 22.4 mm.; minima 24.4 X 20.2 and 24.5 x 18.8 mm.
Habits. Those of the species.