898. Turtur orientalis

898. Chinese Turtle-Dove.
TURTUR ORIENTALIS.
Turtur orientalis (Lath.), Ind. Orn. ii. p. 606 (1790) ; Dresser, vii. p. 45, pl. 463 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxi. p. 403 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 40 ; T. rupicola (Pall.), Zoogr. Ross. As. i, p. 566 (1811) ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 385 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 733 ; Saunders, p. 487 ; C. gelastes, Temm. Pl. Col. 550 (1835) ; id. Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 100, pl. 60 B ; C. meena, Sykes, P.Z.S. 1832, p. 149.
Kala-fukhta, Basko-fukhta, Hindu. ; Kiji-bato, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). Differs from T. communis in being larger and much darker, the forehead dark ashy blue, the rest of head, neck, and upper¬parts ashy brown, the tips of the black feathers on the sides of the neck, and of the tail-feathers ashy blue and not white ; under parts brownish vinous, becoming rosy vinous on the middle of the abdomen ; bill brown tinged with vinous on the basal half ; legs vinous red ; iris orange ; eyelids pale blue ; edges of eyelids red. Culmen 0.8, wing 7.5, tail 5.7, tarsus 1.1 inch.
Hab. South-eastern Siberia ; Mongolia ; Manchuria ; Corea ; Japan ; the eastern Himalayas and India, north of 15° N. lat. A rare straggler to Europe, haying occurred at least twice in Sweden, and once in England.
In habits it does not differ from T. communis, but is a resident throughout most of its range. In India the breeding season is from December to April, and in Dauria late in May or early in June, and the 2 white eggs measure about 1.31 by 0.98.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
898. Turtur orientalis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
898
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
648
Common name: 
Chinese Turtle Dove
M_ID: 
4971
M_CN: 
Oriental Turtle Dove
M_SN: 
Streptopelia orientalis
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10149

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