1870. Streptopelia orientalis orientalis

(1870) Streptopelia orientalis orientalis (Lath.).
THE RUFOUS TURTLE-DOVE.
Streptopelia orientalis orientalis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 238.
Within our limits this Turtle-Dove is found in Sikkim and Nepal, thence through Tibet and the Chinese mountains into North Manchuria, Corea and Japan.
I have never taken a nest of this bird myself, but have had eggs taken for me in Nepal, Sikkim and Tibet, and others again from Manchuria and Japan. According to my own collectors it builds a nest just like that of other Turtle-Doves, a flimsy flat construction of twigs, very carelessly and very untidily put together, and measuring anything between 6 and 8 inches in diameter. Kennedy, in sending me eggs from Tibet, terms the nests “very ramshackle affairs, one built on a willow and one on a high thorny hush in thin scrub-jungle.” In Native Sikkim and Nepal the site selected may be in some high thick bush, small sapling or tangle of briars, and I have no account of any nest taken at more than 10 or 12 fect fromthe ground. In Sikkim and in Tibet the nests were often taken in quite open country, sometimes in isolated bushes and trees, but my informants in Nepal tell me that they generally found the nest in well-wooded ravines and sometimes Well inside extensive forest. All the nests, so far as. I am aware, were taken at elevations over 8,000 and those in Tibet over 12,000 feet.
Ludlow, in his “Birds of Gyantse” (Ibis, 1928, p. 215) writes :— “This bird abounds in Gyantse in summer wherever there are trees or bushes. It begins to arrive during the first week in April, and departs during the latter half of October. It breeds during May and June in bushes, making the usual flimsy nest of twigs. Eleven eggs average 33.5 x 24.5 mm.”
Twenty-six eggs which I have measured average 34.2 x 24.5 mm. : maxima 35.1 x 25.1 and 34.3 x 26.0 mm. ; minima 32.4 x 24.4 and 34.8 x 24.1 mm.
Osmaston found some race of orientalis breeding in Ladak— at Basgu, 10,800 feet ; Saspul, 10,250 feet ; and Kargil, 8,900 feet. It is interesting to note that of three nests he found on the 29th July one was just being completed, one contained half-fledged young, and from the other the young had just flown. This would infer that eggs may be found from early May to the end of July, as, indeed, they are in Tibet at even higher elevations.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1870. Streptopelia orientalis orientalis
Spp Author: 
Lath.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1870
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
159
Common name: 
Rufous Turtle Dove
M_ID: 
4973
M_SN: 
Streptopelia orientalis orientalis
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
15047

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