1879. Streptopelia decaocto decaocto

(1879) Streptopelia decaocto decaocto (Frivalszky).
THE INDIAN RING-DOVE.
Streptopelia decaocto decaocto, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v. p. 248.
This Dove has an enormous range, from Turkey and Serbia in Europe, through Western Asia, to India, China and Japan. It is found all over India and Ceylon except in the wettest areas such as the Malabar coast and the Worth-East Himalayas. It is a rare bird anywhere in Assam, and the hirda in the districts East of the Bay of Bengal must, I think, be referred to the Burmese race, xanthocycla. In South-West India Bourdillon found it in the dry area near Cape Comorin and Davidson only once saw it in Kanara. It ascends the hills up to some 8,000 or 9,000 feet, though it is seldom found breeding much above 4,000 feet. It is a bird of open cultivated or waste land and often also breeds in the bushes and scrub surrounding villages or in the gardens of European houses. I have no record of it ever breeding in forest. The nest is placed in most cases in thick bushes, prickly ones being especially affected, cane¬brakes, bamboo-clumps or small saplings. Hume notes :—“The nest is placed in any bush or tree, prickly or thorny sites, such as are afforded by the Zizyphus, wild date, babool, Euphorbias etc. being often, but by no means universally selected. Generally the nest is within 15, not very rarely within 5 feet of the ground but again, I have found it 30 or 40 feet up in a large tree.”
It never makes its nest in buildings, hut Scully says that it some¬times places it on the top of old walls in Turkestan.
Anderson once found the nest on the ground, shooting one of the parent birds. It was placed on the hare ground, a, sandy dome covered with a low flowering grass, the seeds of which form a favourite food of this Dove.
The nest is quite normal but occasionally rather more compact and well built than is usual with Pigeons and Doves, and sometimes has a defined cup for the eggs.
The breeding season is perpetual, Inglis in Bihar has taken eggs in every month of the year except February ; Bingham says they breed all the year round in the Punjab ; Hume took eggs every month from December to August, and so on. In Bengal and some other districts in which the rains are very heavy I think few birds lay in July, August and September, while in the hills they do not lay in the Winter months. All pairs have at least two broods and many have four or five.
The eggs also are typical, two normally and exceptionally only one or three.
Sixty eggs average 30.1 x 23.2 mm. : maxima 32.2 x 23.9 and 32.1 x 25.0 mm. ; minima 27.8 x 21.8 mm.
There is no record of its incubation period but this, I am nearly sure, takes thirteen days. Nests with eggs, of which the second was laid on the 3rd June, contained young apparently two days old on the 18th of that month.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1879. Streptopelia decaocto decaocto
Spp Author: 
Privalszky.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1879
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
168
Common name: 
Persian Little Brown Dove
M_ID: 
4982
M_SN: 
Streptopelia decaocto decaocto
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
15058

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