Sterna saundersi

Sterna saundersi, Hume.

988ter. :- Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 325 ; Butler, Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 441.


Length, 9.12 ; expanse, 19.25 ; wing, 6.43 ; tail, 3 ; tarsus, 0.6 ; bill from gape, 1.5.

Bill yellow, tipped dusty; irides blackish brown ; legs and feet dusky yellowish-olive.

A triangular frontal patch, the angles reaching to within 0.12 of the eyes, white ; a very broad stripe through the lores to the eye black ; a narrow white line intervenes between this stripe and the upper mandible; the whole crown, occiput, short occipital crest and sides of occiput as low as the lower margin of the eye, velvet-black, the central two-thirds of the lower eyelid white, and no black below this ; all the rest of the sides of head and neck, chin, throat, entire under parts, wing-lining and exterior tail-feathers, pure white; the first three primaries black with black shafts and broad white margins on their inner webs ; their greater coverts dusky black ; the whole of the rest of the upper surface, including wings and tail, and excepting parts and feathers already described, a most delicate satin-grey, contrasting in the strongest manner with the early black primaries.

Saunder's Little Tern is very abundant at Kurrachee and along the adjacent coast. It is a permanent resident, breeding during April and May. The eggs, two in number, are deposited in a small depression in the sand. They are rather longish ovals pointed at one end ; the ground color is drab or stone, and the markings consist of spots, streaks, and blotches of a dark or reddish-brown color.

They measure 1.3 inches in length by 0.9 in breadth.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Sterna saundersi
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Saunders Little Tern
Saunders's Tern
Sternula saundersi
Term name: 

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