1114. Sterna fluviatilis

1114. Common Tern.
STERNA FLUVIATILIS.
Sterna fluviatilis, Naum, Isis, 1819, pp. 1847-1818 ; Dresser, viii. p. 263, pl. 580 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 525 ; Saunders, p. 647 ; id. Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 54 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1010 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 318 ; S. hirundo (partim), Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 227 (1766) ; Audub. B. N. Am. pl. 309 ; Naum. x. p. 89, Taf. 252 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 480, pl. cxxxiii. fig. 3 ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 417 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 70 ; Ridgway, p. 43 ; Lilford, vi. p. 17, pl. 8.
Pierre Garin, French ; Gaivina, Andorhina do mar, Portug. ; Gavina, Span. ; Rondina, di mare, Ital. ; Fluss Meerschwalbe, German ; Vischdiefje, Dutch ; Almindelig-Terne, Dan. ; Makrel-Terne, Norweg. ; Fisktarna, Swed. ; Kalatirra, Finn. ; Krashka-rashnaya, Russ.
Male ad. (England). Differs from S. macrura in having the under parts vinaceous grey, paler, the chin and cheeks white, the dark bands on the inner webs of the primaries wider and darker, and the outermost tail- feathers shorter ; bill coral-red, blackish at the tip ; legs coral-red ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 10.5, tail 5.6, tarsus 0.7 inch.
Hab. Europe generally, but not ranging so far north as S. macrura ; migrating south down to South Africa in winter ; temperate Asia, passing south on passage and in winter to China, India, and the Malay Peninsula ; North America from Labrador to Texas, ranging south to Bahia, Brazil, in winter ; rare on Pacific coasts.
In habits the Common Tern does not differ from the Arctic Tern, but it is less marine in the choice of habitat and is often found on rivers, lakes, and inland ponds. Its food and nest are also similar, but its note is somewhat harsher. Its eggs resemble those of S. macrura, and are also subject to conĀ¬siderable variation, but are as a rule a trifle larger, averaging about 1.59 by 1.19.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1114. Sterna fluviatilis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1114
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
809
Common name: 
Common Tern
M_ID: 
4650
M_CN: 
Common Tern
M_SN: 
Sterna hirundo
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10166

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