(1878) Streptopelia senegalensis emaanni.
THE PERSIAN LITTLE BROWN DOVE.
Turtur ermanni Bonaparte, Comp. Bend., p. 942 (1856) (Bochara). Turtur cambayensis. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 45 (part.).
Vernacular names. Tutan Gheri (Sind.); Tortra Fakhta, Chota Fakhta (Hind.).
Description. Similar to the previous race but decidedly paler and generally bigger, though along the Indian Frontier and Sind the birds, though pale like the Northern form, are intermediate in size.
Colours of soft parts as in S. c. cambaiensis.
Measurements. Persian birds : wing, 135 to 145 mm., 130 to 140 mm. Indian birds are sometimes much smaller; Ticehurst refers to one from Sind and one from Kandahar, females, with wings of 126 and 125 mm. respectively.
Distribution. Turkestan, Persia, Mesopotamia, Baluchistan, Afghanistan and Sind. Frontier birds seem all to be of this race but not birds from Punjab, West of the Indus.
Nidification. Similar to that of the last bird but Bell says that it often makes its nest at the foot of a tree on the ground. In Sind it breeds, according to Ticehurst, from March to June and again after the rains break from July onwards. In Quetta it breeds from March to May. Twelve eggs average 25.4 x 21.2 mm.: maxima 27.0 x 21.1 and 26.3 X 21.2 mm.; minima 24.0 x 19.4 and 25.0 x 19.3 mm.
Habits. Those of the species. Ticehurst records that in March, when at sea ten miles from Karachi, four or five of these Doves came on board the vessel he was in, quite exhausted and, he thinks, evidently migrating.