355. Urocichla caudata.
The Tailed Wren.
Tesia caudata, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 588 (1845). Pnoepyga caudata (Blyth), Blyth, Cat. p. 179; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 181; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 490; Hume, Cat. no. 331; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 305. Anura caudata (Blyth), Hume, N. & E. p. 218. Urocichla caudata (Blyth), Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 222.
The Tailed Hill-Wren, Jerd.
Coloration. Lores and sides of the head grey; the whole upper plumage olive-brown, the feathers with terminal black edges and faint shaft-streaks; wings and their coverts chestnut-brown ; tail rufous-brown ; chin and throat bright chestnut; breast paler chestnut, each feather with a black centre and tip; sides of the body the same; abdomen black, each feather with a white shaft-streak, in most cases hidden, and a large subterminal square white spot.
The young bird is like the adult, but has the black and white marks faint and indistinct.
Bill blackish ; legs brown ; iris brown (Jerdon).
Length nearly 4; tail 1.3; wing 1.9 ; tarsus .75; bill from gape .5.
Distribution. Sikhim, at considerable altitudes. Hodgson's plate of this species does not bear any remarks of his own on the reverse, and I have found this absence of remarks, as a rule, to indicate that the bird from which the plate was taken was procured in Sikhim and not in Nepal. In these cases, instead of Hodgson's remarks in English, there are some notes and measurements recorded in Hindustani, probably by some native assistant.
Habits, &c. I can find no notes from Hodgson's pen on the nidi¬fication of this species, although he figures the nest. Hume, how¬ever, informs us that, according to Hodgson, this bird builds a deep cup-shaped nest about the roots of trees or in a hole in fallen timber; the nest is a dense mass of moss and moss-roots, lined with the latter. The eggs, four or five in number, are spotless white and measure .75 by .54.