875. KING EIDER.
Somateria spectabilis (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 195 (1760) ; (Naum.), xii p. 285, Taf. 322, 323 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 417, pl. cxv. figs. 1, 2 ; Gould, B. of E, v. pl. 375 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 27 ; (Audub.), B. Am. vi. p. 347, pl. 404 ; Dresser, vi. p. 643, pl. 446 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 432 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1195 ; Saunders, p. 461 ; Lilford, vii. p. 125, pl. 53 ; Ridgway, p. 110.
Canard a tete grise, French. ; Prachtente, German ; Pragt-edder, Dan. ; Erkonge, Norweg. ; Prakt-ejder, Swed. ; Pukska-haahka, Finn. ; Pistrak, Russ.
Male ad. (Greenland). Crown and nape pale ashy blue, sides of head pale green ; a large protuberance on the upper mandible over the middle of which a black line is continued to the gape ; a spot under each eye and a large V-shaped mark from the chin to the sides of the upper throat black ; upper back, central lesser wing-coverts, and a large patch on each side of the rump white ; rest of upper parts, wings, tail, and under parts below the breast black ; inner secondaries elongated and curved ; upper throat white ; lower throat and upper breast warm cream-coloured ; bill red, the nail yellowish ; naked protuberance bright orange ; legs dull orange-reddish, the webs blackish iris brown. Gape 2.35, wing 10.3, tail 3.5, tarsus 1.7 inch. The female differs from that of S. mollissima in being smaller, darker, and in having the central line of feathers on the upper mandible extending quite down to the nostrils.
Hab. The Arctic portions of Europe, Asia, and America, straying south in winter, when it occurs rarely in Great Britain, Scandinavia, North Russia, North Germany; rare in Spitsbergen ; has once been obtained near Boulogne and once as far south as Venice ; in America it ranges in winter south to New Jersey and the Great Lakes.
In habits and nidification it resembles S. mollissima. It breeds in Greenland, Novaya Zemlya, the Arctic shores of Siberia and Arctic America, and its eggs, usually 6 in number, are similar to those of S. mollissima in shape and colour, but are smaller, measuring about 2.52 by 1.77.
875. Somateria spectabilis
875. KING EIDER.