255. Parus varius

255. VARIED TITMOUSE.
PARUS VARIUS.
Parus varius, Temm, and Schl. Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 71, pl. 35 (1850) ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 37 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 85.
Yama-gara, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). A broad frontal band continued down the sides of the neck white ; crown, hind neck, chin, and throat deep black ; an irregular white patch on the occiput and nape ; upper part of back chestnut-red, the remainder of back, wings, and tail bluish grey ; an irregular band below the black throat creamy white ; breast, abdomen, and flanks chestnut-red, paler on the middle of the abdomen and under tail-coverts ; bill brownish horn ; legs plumbeous ; iris brown. Culmen 0.51, wing 3.1, tail 2.22, tarsus 0.77 inch. Female similar but rather duller on the upper parts.
Hab. Japan (Yesso and Hondo) and Corea.
In habits it is said to resemble the other Titmice, and like them frequents conifer groves, but is much less sociable, and is generally seen alone or in pairs. Its note is described as reĀ¬sembling that of Picus minor. It nests in holes in trees or in stone walls, in April or May, depositing 7 to 8 eggs which are white, faintly marked, chiefly at the larger end, with pale red, and measure about 0.69 by 0.55.
In the Seven Islands, south of Japan, another form, Parus Owstoni Ijima (Dobuts. Zass. No. 62, December 1893) occurs, which has a larger and stouter bill, and the white portions of the plumage are replaced by dark rufous.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
255. Parus varius
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
255
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
174
Common name: 
Varied Titmouse
M_ID: 
21124
M_CN: 
Varied Tit
M_SN: 
Sittiparus varius
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11063

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