285. Sitta neumayeri

285. ROCK NUTHATCH.
SITTA NEUMAYERI.
Sitta neumayeri, Michah. Isis. 1830 p. 814 ; Dresser, iii. p. 183, pl. 120 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 345 ; S. rufescens, Gould, B. of E. iii. pl. 235 ; S. rupicola, Blanf., Ibis. 1873, p. 87.
Picchiotto-rupestre, Ital. ; Tsopanakos, Greek ; Felsenspechtmeise German ; Popolsen-skalistyi, Russ.
Male ad. (Macedonia). In general appearance resembles S. europoea but differs in lacking the chestnut on the under parts, the flanks, abdomen and under tail-coverts being warm rufous buff, the tail dark plumbeous grey without any white, the central feathers and outer webs of the rest coloured like the back ; beak blackish horn ; legs plumbeous ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.9, wing 3.0, tail 1.8, tarsus 0.9 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Dalmatia and Greece, ranging east through Asia Minor to northern Persia.
Although to a casual observer this species somewhat resembles S. europoea, it differs widely in its habits, for it frequents barren rocks, and is not found on trees. Its food consists chiefly of insects of various kinds and their larvae Its note is said to be very loud, and to differ considerably from that of Sitta coesia. It breeds in the rocks, selecting a suitable recess, in front of which it builds a covering of mud, having a funnel-shaped entrance. The inside is well lined with goats’ hair, thistle-down. &c., and the eggs, from 6 to 10 in number, are deposited late in April, and are white, with large red spots and blotches scattered over the surface. They are larger and stouter than those of S. coesia and S. europoea and measure about 0.84 by 0.64.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
285. Sitta neumayeri
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
285
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
191
Common name: 
Rock Nuthatch
M_ID: 
26437
M_CN: 
Western Rock Nuthatch
M_SN: 
Sitta neumayer
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10720

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