(112) Sitta castaneiventris neglecta.
THE BURMESE NUTHATCH.
Sitta neglecta Wald., A. M. N. H., (4) v, p. 218 (1870) (Karen Hills); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 301.
Vernacular names. Pan-che-lip (Kachin).
Description Differs from the preceding in being smaller and in having the throat and breast much paler than the abdomen and flanks, whilst the white of the sides of the head blends with the rufous of the throat. The female differs in the same way from the female of the Cinnamon-bellied Nuthatch.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; upper mandible bluish, tipped black; legs and feet dark plumbeous, claws horn-colour.
Measurements. Length about 130 mm.; wing 75 to 78 mm.; tail about 38 to 42 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen about 17 mm.
Distribution. From Muleyit Mountain in South Tenasserim, through the eastern hill-ranges of Burma to the Bhamo Hills, N. and N.W. Siam,
Nidification. Similar to that of S. c. castaneiventris, but this is a forest bird and its nest is found in the natural hollows of trees on the outskirts of forest or in dead trees in deserted clearings. The eggs are of the usual short, blunt type and measure from 16.2 x 13.4 to 18.3 X14.2 mm.
They are apparently early breeders ; Bingham found the young hatched in the end of March, and eggs sent me by Col. Harington, taken on the 22nd of that month, were on the point of hatching.
Habits. Those of the genus, and there seems to be nothing calling for notice. They are found between 2,000 and 5,000 feet, never in the plains, and are forest birds, though like most Nuthatches they keep to the more open parts, the outskirts, or to partially cleared or deserted cultivation clearings in which the dead trees are still standing.