(115) Sitta magna.
THE GIANT NUTHATCH.
Sitta magna Wardl.-Bamsay, P. Z. S., 1876, p. 677 (Karennee); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 303.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Upper plumage, wings and central pair of tail-feathers slaty-blue; two broad bands of black from the base of the bill through the eyes to the shoulders ; two pairs of tail-feathers next the central pair black with a slaty-blue tip, the next two the same with a subterminal white patch and the outermost the same but with a white bar on the outer web; lores, sides of the head, chin and throat greyish white changing to darker grey on breast and to dull chestnut on lower flanks, thighs, vent and under tail-coverts,' the latter broadly tipped with white; under wing-coverts black and the under surface of the primaries with the typical white patch.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown or hazel-brown; bill slaty-blue, darker on terminal half; legs and feet pale yellowish brown.
Measurements. Length about 200 mm.; wing 114 to 119 mm.; tail about 68 to 70 mm.; tarsus about 23 mm.; culmen about 25 to 28 mm.
The female is like the male but has a more decided tinge of buff or chestnut-buff on the breast, the chestnut of the flanks, thighs, etc., may not be quite so deep and the head also is greyer in some individuals.
Distribution. Hills of Central Burma, Shan States and Yunnan, apparently from about 3,000 feet upwards.
Nidification and Habits. There is nothing on record about this fine Nuthatch, now represented by good series from Rippon, Thompson and Craddock in the British Museum. It has been found so far between 4,000 and 6,000 feet and seems to be a forest bird.