281. Sitta krueperi

281. Krueper’S NUTHATCH.
Sitta krueperi, von Pelz. Sitz. kaiserl. Akad. Wissensch, Wien, xlviii. Abth. i. p. 149 (1863) ; Selater, Ibis. 1865. pl. vii ; Dresser, iii. p. 189, pl. 121 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 350.
Male ad. (Smyrna). Upper parts slaty blue, the forehead black to the centre of the crown ; quills brown externally margined with slate-blue ; central tail-feathers like the back, the rest black tipped with grey, and with white subterminal spots ; lores and an indistinct line through the eye black ; cheeks, throat, and sides of head white, rest of the under parts dull slate-grey ; a large crescentic patch on the breast chestnut-red ; thighs and under tail-coverts marked with rusty red ; bill dark horn, lighter at base ; legs slate-grey ; iris brown. Culmen 0.6, wing 2.9, tail 1.5, tarsus 0.65 inch. Female similar but is duller in colour, and the young bird lacks the black on the forehead, and the stripe through the eye is greyish.
Hab. Asia Minor, Palestine, and Syria.
In habits it is active and restless, and resembles our Euro¬pean bird or the Tree-Creeper. It has a variety of call-notes, one not unlike the call-note of a canary, and another not unlike the monotonous note of Parus major, but more guttural. It feeds on insects and their larvae, and seeds, especially those of conifers, and is most often seen in conifer woods. Unlike Sitta coesia, it does not plaster up a hole to form its nest, but hacks a hole in a rotten branch or tree stump, which it lines with dry grass, hair, thistledown, and feathers, and deposits in May 4 to 6 eggs, which are white, marked with red, roundish in shape, and somewhat resemble the eggs of Parus major, but are rounder and more richly marked, and in size measure about 0.67 by 0.53.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
281. Sitta krueperi
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Krueper’s Nuthatch
Krüper's Nuthatch
Sitta krueperi
Vol. 1

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