315. Sitta himalayensis

315. Sitta himalayensis.

The White-tailed Nuthatch.

Sitta himalayensis, Jard. & Selby, Ill. Orn. iii, pl. 144 (1835); Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 720 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 385; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 56; Hume, N. & E. p. 161 ; Hume, Cat. no, 248; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 262 ; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 340 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 192. Sitta nipalensis, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. v, p. 779. Sitta himalayana (Jard. & Selby), Blyth, Cat. p. 190.
Siddyi-phip, Lepch.

Coloration. Male. The forehead, lores, and a streak behind the eye, produced down the side of the neck to the shoulders, black; an indistinct eyebrow fulvous-white ; upper plumage and wing-coverts dark slaty blue, somewhat paler on the head ; primaries and secondaries dark brown, edged with slaty blue; tertiaries wholly of this colour; middle pair of tail-feathers slaty blue, the basal half of the inner web and a band next the shaft on the outer web white ; the next two pairs wholly black ; the next black, with an ashy tip; the next black, with an oblique white band and an ashy tip; the outermost similar, but with more white; sides of the face below the black streak and the chin pale fulvous; the lower plumage from the chin downwards chestnut, gradually getting darker and becoming rich chestnut on the flanks and under tail-coverts ; under wing-coverts black, followed by a white patch on the primaries visible only from below.

Female. Resembles the male, but is somewhat paler beneath.

Legs and feet olive-brown; soles olive-yellow ; iris pale brown; bill black, the gape and part of the lower mandible bluish white (Hume).

Length nearly 5 ; tail 1.5 ; wing 2.9 ; tarsus .7 ; bill from gape .75.

Distribution. Throughout the Himalayas from Kangra to Bhutan at elevations of from 5000 to about 10,000 feet, occasionally 11,000 feet, at which altitude Blanford procured a specimen in Sikhim. Godwin-Austen also procured this species at Aimul in the Manipur hills.

Habits, &c. Breeds in the Himalayas from April to June, making a nest of moss in a hole of a tree at no great height from the ground, and laying five or six eggs, which are white marked with red, and measure .72 by .55.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
315. Sitta himalayensis
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Tailed Nuthatch
White-tailed Nuthatch
Sitta himalayensis
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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