415. Serinus pusillus

415. RED-FRONTED FINCH.
SERINUS PUSILLUS.
Serinus pusillus (Pall.), Zoogr. Ross. As. ii. p. 18, Tab. xliii. (1811); Dresser, iii. p. 561, pl. 173 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 373 ; (Oates) P. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 230 ; S. aurifrons (Blyth), J.A.S. Beng. xvi. p. 476 (1847).
Malinovka, Russ.
Male ad. (Asia Minor). Forehead and fore-crown bright Suae red, the rest of the head and entire throat to the upper breast block, the hind crown washed with brown ; upper parts, wings, and tail black, the feathers margined with buffy white or pale yellow ; rump bright orange ; under parts pale yellow fading into yellowish white on the under tail- coverts, and striped with black ; bill and legs black ; iris dark brown Culmen 0.32, wing 2.82, tail 2.1, tarsus 0.85 inch. The female resembles the male but is duller and the red frontal patch is smaller. The young bird has the bead brown streaked with blackish, the forehead tinged with dull orange and the throat and breast-feathers broadly margined with yellowish white.
Hab. Asia Minor, the Caucasus, Transcaspia, northern Persia, Afghanistan, and Turkestan ; wintering in southern Asia Minor, Palestine, and the lower slopes of the Himalayas.
In habits and song it resembles the Serin but its note is rather weaker and like that species it feeds principally on seeds. As a rule it is rather shy. It breeds usually at an elevation of from 3,000 to 5,000 feet, the nest being usually placed in a juniper tree. It is a rather larger structure than that of the Serin from which it differs, being built of fine bents intermixed with grey lichens, and warmly lined with soft feathers. The eggs, from 4 to 5 in number, closely re¬semble those of the Vue variety of S. canarius being pale bluish minutely and somewhat sparingly dotted with pale red, and measure about 0.65 by 0.51.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
415. Serinus pusillus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
415
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
282
Common name: 
Red Fronted Finch
M_ID: 
31042
M_CN: 
Red-fronted Serin
M_SN: 
Serinus pusillus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10688

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