413. Serinus canonicus

413. TRISTRAM’S SERIN.
SERINUS CANONICUS.
Serinus canonicus Dresser, B. of E. iii. p. 555, pl. 171 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 372 ; S. aurifrons, (nec. Blyth), Tristram, P.Z.S 1864, p. 447 ; id. Ibis, 1868, p. 207, pl. vii.
Male ad. (Palestine). Differs from S. hortulanus, in being larger, much paler and yellower, the under parts unstriated, the forehead, forepart of the crown and a collar on the hind-neck rich golden yellow ; under parts bright yellow, fading to dull white on the under tail-coverts, unstriped ; bill, legs, and iris as in S. hortulanus. Culmen 0.4, wing 3.0, tail 2.4, tarsus 0.6 inch. The female is paler and duller, and the young of the year differs from the adult in having the yellow colour replaced by rich russet, the golden yellow on the forehead being absent.
Hab. Palestine, where it is resident, and possibly Syria.
Inhabits the mountains, being common above 4,000 feet both on Lebanon and Hermon. In habits it is said to resemble the Siskin as also in its note, and its song is described as being varied and clear. In the summer it inhabits the mountains as high as the bush-zone extends, descending in the winter to the edge of the snow-line, and there collects in flocks and is very wild and shy. Its nest, which is conspicuously placed in the fork of a tall shrub, resembles that of the Goldfinch, but is shallower and not so neat. The eggs, from 4 to 6 in number, are deposited in May, and resemble those of the Serin but are larger, averaging about 0.73 by 0.50. It is just possible that Bonaparte’s Serinus syriacus (Consp, i. p. 523) may have been an immature bird of this species, but the description is too vague for identification, and the specimen appears to be no longer in existence.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
413. Serinus canonicus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
413
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
281
Common name: 
Tristram’s Serin
M_ID: 
31046
M_CN: 
Cape Canary
M_SN: 
Serinus canicollis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11050

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