The genus Schoenicola contains one Indian bird which has been till lately remarkable for its extreme rarity and local distribution. We owe it to Mr. Prank Bourdillon -and Col. Butler that we are now well acquainted with the species.
Schoenicola has two thorough and complete moults a year, changing the colour of its plumage and the Length of its tail at each moult. The sexes are alike, and the young birds are tinged with yellow. This genus resembles Megalurus in many of its habits, especially in its fondness for grass and reeds, and in its habit of soaring in the air singing.
In Schoenicola the bill is rather short, being only half as long as the head; there are two strong rictal bristles, no supplementary hairs, and the feathers of the forehead are short and compact. The wing is fairly developed, the third primary reaching to the tip of the wing, and the first two being of large size. The tail at both seasons is very ample and well graduated. The tarsus is remarkably long, denoting a ground-feeding bird.