Saxicoloides Lesson, 1831. Type, S. cambaiensis Lath.
The genus Saxicoloides contains but one species which, divided into two very well-marked geographical races, extends over the whole of India, South of the Himalayas and Ceylon.
Oates points out that this genus is somewhat aberrant from the true Turdidae in that the tarsi are scutellated, a character found in no other form except the Accentors. The Accentors are themselves, however, very closely connected with the Thrushes in many ways, and the genus Sendee-hides, which is in all other respects a Robin, and nothing but a Robin, seems to form a connecting-link. It is this connecting-link, indeed, which induces me to keep the Accentors, Prunellinae, a subfamily of the family Turdidae.
The bill in Saxicoloides is slender and curved downwards and the rictal bristles are very small; the tarsus is well developed and Thrush-like in shape, but is scutellated ; the wings are long and pointed.
Our Indian birds are resident wherever found, though they may move vertically with the seasons in the higher hills.
The generic name Thamnobia, by which these little Chats have been hitherto known in India, was unfortunately not published by Swainson until Feb. 1832, whilst Saxicoloides was published by Lesson before September 1831. The latter name therefore has priority and must be used.