(497) Saxicola torquata stejnegeri.
The Japanese Bush-Chat.
Pratincola rubicola stejnegeri Parrot, Verh. Orn. Ges. Bayern, viii, p. 124 (1908) (Iturup in N. Japan).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Both sexes are darker than indica, not quite so dark as przewalskii.
Colours of soft parts as in S. t. indica.
Measurements. Wing 65 to 71 mm.; culmen 13.5 to 14.5 mm. Meinertzhagen says that the bill is wider and stouter than in either of the last two races, but the difference is not easy to see.
Distribution. Breeds in Siberia, East of the Lena to Japan, and from Trans-Baikalia to North-Eastern China and Saghalien. In winter it is found throughout Southern China, the Indo-Chinese countries, Malaya, Burma, Assam and Eastern Bengal.
Nidification. This bird breeds in great numbers about Mt. Fujiyama in Japan, making a typical Bush-Chat's nest and laying eggs like those o£ S. t. torquata but generally less blue and more heavily marked. Forty eggs average 17.8 x 13.7 mm.
Habits. Those of the genus.