(496) Saxicola torquata przewalskii.
The Turkestan Bush-Chat.
Pratincola maura var. przewalskii Pleske, "Wis. Res. Przewalski's Reis., Vog., i, p. 46 (1889) (Kansu).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. The darkest and largest race of S. torquata, both sexes showing this character distinctly, especially on the under plumage; the axillaries are black with only obsolete white tips. The orange-rufous of the underparts is much deeper and extends well on the flanks and even on to the centre of the abdomen.
Colours of soft parts as in the Indian Bush-Chat.
Measurements. Wings 72 to 77 mm.; culmen 15 mm.
Distribution. Breeding in Tibet, the higher ranges of the Kachin Hills, Shan States, Yunnan and Western Central China. In winter throughout Eastern India, Assam, Burma and Siam, straggling west into Kashmir.
Nidification. The only nest taken within the limits of this work was found by Mr. J. P. Cook at Monywa, Chin Hills, on the 6th June and contained five eggs. These have the ground-colour pale yellowish white and they are well-marked with reddish brown, principally at the larger end. They measure about 17.2 x 13.8 mm.
The nest was described as a shallow pad of grass and roots, lined with hair and feathers, and placed in a hole in a bank under a thick root.
Habits. Those of the genus.