620. Saxicola opistholeuca.
Saxicola opistholeuca, Strickl., Jard. Contr. Orn. 1849, p. 60 ; Blyth, Cat. p. 167; Blanf. & Dresser, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 229; Butler & Hume, S. F. iii, p. 475; Hume, Cat. no. 488; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 376; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 55; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 441; Biddulph, Ibis, 1882, p. 276 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 201. Saxicola leucoroides, Guerin, apud Jerd. B. 1. ii, p. 130.
The Indian White-tailed Stone-Chat, Jerd.
Coloration. Male. The whole plumage black except the rump and upper and under tail-coverts; tail white, except the terminal half of the middle pair of feathers and a broad band at the tip of the others, which are black. There appears to be no seasonal change of plumage.
Female- Resembles the females of S. picata and S. capistrata in general Colour, but is very dusky throughout and has the ear-coverts a rich brown.
Bill, legs, and feet black; iris dark brown (Bingham).
Length about 6.5; tail 2.7 ; wing 3.6; tarsus 1; bill from gape .75. ,
Distribution. A winter visitor to the plains of India from the Punjab down to Khandesh and Nagpur, and from Sind to Etawah in the N. W. Provinces. This species extends to Afghanistan in the winter. It passes through Gilgit in the spring and autumn, and summers in Turkestan. In addition to the above localities in the plains, it has been recorded by Stoliczka from the lower hills of the Sutlej valley.