73. Pratincola caprata

73. PIED STONECHAT.
PRATINCOLA CAPRATA.
Pratincola caprata, (Linn.) Syst. Nat. i. p. 335 (1766) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 195 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 59 ; Dresser, ix. p. 33, pl. 641.
Male ad. (Kashmir). Lower rump, upper and under tail-coverts, lower abdomen, and an alar patch white ; rest of plumage bill and legs deep black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.5, wing 2.75, tail 2.1, tarsus 0.82 inch. The female has the upper parts dark greyish brown indistinctly darker striped ; rump and upper tail-coverts dark rust-red ; under parts wood-brown very indis┬Čtinctly streaked ; abdomen and under tail-coverts rusty-buff. In the autumn the male has the black feathers more or less margined with rusty-brown. The young birds are fulvous brown mottled with dusky ; in the young male the white alar patch is present from the earliest period.
Hab. Transcaspia, Afghanistan, Persia, and India as far east as Burma, and in winter ranges as far south as the Philippines and Java.
In its habits it resembles its congeners and affects bush-covered localities, gardens, and orchards. Its nest is frequently shapeless, composed of soft grass, fine rootlets, &c., and lined with the same material or hair, and is placed in a hole in the ground or occasionally on the ground under a tuft of grass or a dense bush ; the eggs, 3 to 5 but usually 4 in Dumber are deposited from March to June and are pale bluish green marked with brownish red, and measure about 0.67 by 0.55. Its song is clear and good, and is said to be superior to that of P. maura.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
73. Pratincola caprata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
73
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
47
Common name: 
Pied Stonechat
M_ID: 
28417
M_CN: 
Pied Bush Chat
M_SN: 
Saxicola caprata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10641

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