(493) Saxicola caprata atrata.
The Southern Indian Stone-Chat.
Pratincola atrata Kelaart, Blyth, J. A. S. B., xx, p. 177 (1851) (Ceylon); Blanford & Oates, ii, p. 60.
Vernacular names. Kampa nalunchi (Tel.).
Description. Exactly like the Burmese Stone-Chat but much larger.
Colours of soft parts as in the last bird.
Measurements. Wing 70 to 81 mm., generally 75 to 77 mm.; tail 49 to 51 mm.; tarsus 24 to 25 mm.; culmen 13 mm.
The females and young vary from those of S. c. burmanica in size only.
Distribution. Ceylon, Travancore, Mysore in the extreme South, Nilgiris and Malabar. The Kanara birds appear to belong to the smaller Northern race.
Nidification. The Southern Indian Bush-Chat breeds from* March to June in the hills of Ceylon and Southern India from 3,000 feet upwards. It is not a forest bird and is most common round about villages, cultivated land, grass and light scrub-jungle. The nest is a cup or shallow saucer ot grass and roots, lined with fur, hail', wool or almost any other soft material, and it may be placed in any kind of hole or hollow whether in bank, building or drain. The eggs number three to five and only vary from those of the next bird in their somewhat larger size. Fifty eggs average 19.5 x 15.2 mm.: maxima 21.0x15.2 and 20.0x16.2 mm.; minima 17.5 x 14.6 and 17.7 x 14.1 mm.
Habits. Those of the genus.